Lesson objective

Learn about the process the UK government will follow in order to leave the EU in March 2019.

Key ideas

The UK is the first member state to leave the EU since the organisation was founded. The EU and the UK have different objectives in the negotiations. 

Success criteria

Describe what will change for the UK when it leaves the EU.

Chronicle the stages in the process of leaving

Assess the advantages and disadvantages for the UK of leaving the EU

Introduction to the learning

Work in pairs

Summarise the objectives of the EU, how it works ie how laws get passed, and what members get out of it.

Support activities

List the three principal bodies that control the EU and say what each does.

Main body of lesson

Work in different pairs

Give some of the reasons for Britain wanting to leave the EU, referring to the accompanying worksheet, and expanding the reasons

Extension activities

Summarise the government's objectives in leaving the EU. Refer to the Prime Minister's Lancaster House speech of January 17, 2017

Work in groups of four

Think of some of the advantages to the UK of leaving the EU. What will change?  Eg control over our laws, control over our borders, control over our budget. Have the group appoint a spokesman to explain to another group that is discussing the disadvantages.

Other groups of four

Think of some of the disadvantage of leaving the EU. For business loss of access to the Single Market, Tariff barriers being outside the customs union. Loss of free movement of people will reduce opportunities for UK citizens to live and work in the EU and vice versa. Loss of financial support for our regions, our farmers and university research. Have the group appoint a spokesman to explain to another group that is discussing the advanges.

How the UK will leave the EU

As a teaching aid use nine cards with a phrase on each that describes a stage in the negotiating process and ask students to set them out as a diamond.

Invoking the Lisbon Treaty

Paying the bill for leaving

Agreeing the future status of British citizens living in continental Europe

Agreeing the future status of EU citizens living in the UK

Agreeing future relations between Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic

Making a trade agreement between the UK and the EU

Leaving the EU at 23:00 on March 29, 2019

Agreeing the terms of the transition period

Ending the transition period on December 31, 2020

Extension activities

Describe some of the attitudes of British people to Europe, and some of the attitudes of European people to the UK when the UK leaves the EU. Will they change and if so in what way?

Teacher assessment

Contributions to group work, including role of spokesman and questioning of the spokesman