Magna Carta clauses


Clause 39

'No free man shall be seized or imprisoned or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed, or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of the land.'

Clause 40

'To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.'

Clause 14

'To obtain the general consent of the realm for the assessment of an 'aid' except in the three cases specified above, or a 'scutage', (tax to pay for war) we will cause the archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, and greater barons to be summoned individually by letter. To those who hold lands directly of us we will cause a general summons to be issued, through the sheriffs and other officials, to come together on a fixed day (of which at least forty days notice will be given) and at a fixed place.  In all letters of summons, the cause of the summons will be stated.  When a summons has been issued, the business appointed for the day shall go forward in accordance with the resolution of those present, even if not all of those summoned have appeared. '

Clause 33

'All fish-weirs shall be removed from the Thames, the Medway, throughout the whole of England, except on the sea coast.'

Clause 35

There shall be standard measures of wine, ale and corn (the London quarter) throughout the kingdom. There shall also be a standard width of dyed cloth, russet and haberject, namely two ells within the selvedges. Weights are to be standardised similarly.'