Migration workshop

Workshop 1: Asylum seekers in the UK (part 1)

Summary
In the EU Sweden and France and Italy receive the most asylum applications, followed by the UK.

Asylum seekers have to prove their status as a refugee that is, someone who has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.


Workshop 1: Asylum seekers in the UK (part 2)

What is Asylum?

Asylum is protection given by a country to someone who is fleeing persecution in their own country.

It is given under the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (PDF download).

The UK also adheres to the European Convention on Human Rights which prevents the UK sending someone to a country where there is a real risk they will be exposed to torture, or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Council of Europe, November 1950:

European Convention on Human Rights
UK Home Office information

Asylum seekers in UK


Workshop 2: Migrant workers from the EU

Summary
Significant movement of migrant workers from the EU and elsewhere in Europe into the UK rose considerably from the mid 1980s, though the net impact was low. In 2002 migration from the EU to the UK was 89,000, while 129,000 migrated from the UK to the EU. The surge occurred when the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Slovenia joined the EU in 2004. These countries are known as the A8. There was a further slight rise in 2007 when Bulgaria and Romania, known as the A2, joined.

Croatia, Turkey and Macedonia (FYR) have applications for membership in the pipeline.


Workshop 3: The EU, Immigration and Asylum Seekers

Summary

The EU is an area where the freedom of movement must be assured but devising a Common Asylum Policy that fits with this is not easy.

The major gateways into the EU are Italy, Malta, Spain and Greece but for many, particularly those who enter illegally, the UK is their favoured destination.

Most have settled in Spain, UK, France, Italy and Greece.


Workshop 4: Controls on Immigration

Summary

The EU has a variety of policies and actions in place designed to improve economic conditions in some of those countries whose citizens are desperate to reach a safe haven and a job in Europe. They have also strengthened border controls in third party countries where migrants seek to cross undetected.

The UK introduced a new Borders, Immigration and Citizenship Act in 2009 and changes under the 2010 coalition government then considerably reduced the number of occupations open to migrants and access to benefits reserved for citizens and permanent residents.

Click here for more on this,
and some links to official information